D, T, G, K

 


d sounds like [ d ] in dad before some consonants and before regular (voiced) vowels:

drę́:na: skunk

do:gáˀ I don’t know

 

d sounds like [ t ] before whispered (devoiced) vowels:

de̲hadí:hwa̲hkwaˀ choir

 

There are no < d >’s word-finally: you will see and hear < t >’s instead:

gra̲he:t tree

 

t sounds like [ t ] in take

sá:tǫ: lie down!

sahsnęht get down!

 

g sounds like hard [ g ] before some consonants and before regular (voiced) vowels:

degrǫˀ eight

agiˀ I said

 

g sounds like [ k ] before whispered (devoiced) vowels (even if there's a consonant between the < g > and the devoiced vowel:

ga̲hsǫ́wa̲hdaˀ wire; nail; needle

gra̲he:t tree

 

There are no < g >’s word-finally: you will see and hear < k >’s instead:

aha:k he ate it

 

k sounds like the [ k ] in king

knó:haˀ my mother

odé:kaˀ it is burning