Accenting short words

 

Two-syllable words

Some two-syllable words can be pronounced without an accent when they are pronounced 'solo': both vowels will have the same pitch level:

 

hahdo:s he dives 

ohyaˀ berry, fruit 

 

That being said, speakers often add a final accent to such words anyway, even when they are pronounced 'solo':

 dasha: here, take this! 

 

And, these words still have a final accent (like longer words) when they are not at the end of a phrase. To illustrate, while the word ahsęh 'three' has no accent when it is pronounced alone, it has a final accent when it is not at the end of a phrase, as shown in the next example. 

ahsę́h niwahshę́: thirty 

(The above phrase also illustrates a non-neutral accent pattern, with accent on the final vowel of niwahshę́:ˀ, where niwáhshę:ˀ is expected for neutral statements.)

 

One-syllable words

 

One-syllable words can have an accent when they are pronounced 'solo':

 

tę́ˀ not 

ní:ˀ I, me 

 

However, one-syllable words often 'glom' together, or sound like they are attached to another word. This is because they tend to share one accent with the 'group' — only one of the words in the group has the accent.(The groups in question are bolded in the following examples.)

 

Accent in groups of single-syllable words

 tęˀní:ˀ degé:gę: I didn't see it (the group contains tęˀ no and ni:ˀ I, we)

 

Aga:tǫ:déˀtsǫ: I just heard it (the group contains aga:tǫ:déˀ I heard it and tsǫ: just)