Syllables ending with ˀ

Odd-numbered syllables ending with a ˀ can sound quite different from their even-numbered counterparts. Here are some examples comparing odd- and even-numbered syllables. (Listen especially for the bolded syllables.)


Odd-numbered, with disappearing glottal stop: gˀadréhdaˀ car, vehicle 

Even-numbered, with regular glottal stop: hoˀdréhdaˀ his car, vehicle 


Odd-numbered, it sounds like the glottal stop has moved in front of the vowel, is right after the D: ęhsadˀenyę́:dęˀ you will try 

Even-numbered, with regular glottal stop: sadeˀnyę́:dęh sample it! try it! 



Odd-numbered, with missing vowel after the D: sayę́de̲ˀǫh you are really good at something


Even-numbered, with regular glottal stop; ęsayędéˀǫhǫ:k you will be really good at it


Here are some observations about these examples:

  • The glottal stop sound can disappear in odd-numbered syllables
  • It can sound like the glottal stop has moved in front of (instead of after) the odd-numbered vowel
  • The odd-numbered vowel sound might disappear
  • The first consonant of the syllable can sound strange somehow